The pharmacological action which is used to name the 7th Group or Gana is BALYA. This group consists of 10 plants which have varied properties exhibiting the extent of this pharmacological action. Thus it is not to be restricted as just a single pharmacological action of Modern science like Bulk promoters or Immunomodulators, etc. The complexity of this action is being highlighted and explained in this site in a possible and elaborate manner for better understanding and application. The details are explained on the basis of various references obtained from classical and recent texts of modern authors pertaining to the science of Ayurveda and also modern science.

।। ॐ श्री धन्वनतरये नमः ।।

DETAILS OF THE ACTION

ACTION NAME
बल्य
MODERN EQUIVALENTS
Immunomodulators, Nutritional supplements & Bulk promoters

DEFINITION

DEFINITION
बल्यो बलाया हितः । (गं)
EXPLANATION/MEANING
The action of the substance that facilitates a favourable factors leading to the development and increase of BALA, such an action of the substance is known as BALYA
REFERENCE
The reference for this definition is the commentary of Gangadhar mentioned for Balya.

OTHER DEFINITIONS

SYNONYMS

NOT YET COMPILED

EXPLANATION/MEANING

NOT YET COMPILED

REFERENCE

NOT YET COMPILED

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MODE OF ACTION / PHARMACODYNAMICS

AYURVEDA EXPLANATION

As per the definition, the substance that which helps in the and acts favorable to Bala is known as Balya. But to understand the action, it is important to know what is Bala on which the action is basically effective. On a general sense, the word Bala denotes body or physical strength. In Ayurveda, this word represents different component of the body in different contexts namely, Satva Bala, Vyadhibala, Sahaja Bala,Kalajabala and Yuktikrita Bala. It is also to be noted that the word also the synonym of Kapha Dosha and Ojus. These different terminologies is making it all the more complex to understand. But when we analyse in totality, all the contexts can be divided into three groups of components namely Protective Component, Nourishing Component and Life promoting Component.

The Protective component consists of the Immunological components of the body which are three types namely Sahaja, Kalaja and Yuktikrita. Under the category of Yuktikrita, the use of medicaments, food and lifestyle is aimed to increase the immunity response with immunomodulators. Here this is one aspect of Balya action. 

The Nourishing component consists of all the aspects that help in nourishes the body tissues provide strength and stamina to the body. It is also one that is useful in maintenance of the body bulk and has a considerable nourishing effect on mind thus resulting in increase of Satva Bala. Now the use of medicaments, food and lifestyle which is aimed to increase the bulk, stamina and strength of the body tissues along with confidence and courage to mind is possible with bulk promoters, nutritional supplements, tonics, etc of similar category. Here this forms the another dimension of Balya action.

Lastly the Life promoting component consists of those aspects that are vital and is very much necessary for our existence. Protection, stability and maintenance of these components are very much necessary for us to exist. The components that are to be considered here are Kapha (in its normal hemostatic condition) and Ojus. This is usually taken care by the use of substances that are again considered to be as Nutritional supplements, immunomodulators and tonics like cardiotonic, hematinics, and even restoratives.  

But overall a particular substance or a situation which include food, medicine or Lifestyle when it is to be considered as the one that produces Balya action, it has to produce a favorable activity and related effect on any of these or all of these components. Based on this understanding, the properties that is necessary for the said action is MADHURA RASA, MADHURA VIPAKA, GURU, SNIGDHA AND SHEETA VEERYA as these properties are favorable with majority of the components of the body thereby providing protection, stability and development of body tissues. 

MODERN EXPLANATION

Among various pharmacological action, we can consider three as equivalents to the activity of BALYA are Immunomodulators, Nutritional supplements, Bulk promoters and Restoratives. All the four have a different pattern of action which explains the complexity of the Pharmacological action mentioned in Ayurveda. The IMMUNOMODULATORS are those class of substances or lifestyles that are helpful in the modulation or adjustment of the immune system and result in increase of decrease of the response as required to effectively combat the threats arised from various internal and external stimuli. Here the ability to bring out the correct response to a stimulus is enhanced by the intake of the food, medicine and lifestyle. 

The NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS are the group of food or medicine which supplement the component of the body that are deficient and also do have those components that are necessary for further development and stability of the body. They are also known as Dietary supplements and allowed to consume in sufficient quantities so as to fulfil the nutritional requirements of the body. 

BULK PROMOTERS are those activities, food and medications that increase the bulk of the body. It is also known as Body building activity. The activity is usually for aesthetic purpose but involves all the dietary, lifestyle and medication to achieve the same. 

RESTORATIVES are those class of substances or medicines that aid in restoring health, strength or even consciousness of the individual. But in this case we need to consider the bodily attributes hence strength and health are taken into consideration.

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INVESTIGATIVE PARAMETERS TO ASSESS

Sl. No.
CATEGORY OF PARAMETER
INVESTIGATION NAME
TYPE OF INVESTIGATION

1.

NOT YET COMPILED

NOT YET COMPILED 

NOT YET COMPILED

।। सर्वे जनाः सुखिनो भवन्तु सर्वे सन्तु निरामय ।।

LIST OF PLANTS THAT EXHIBIT THE ACTION

अङ्गमर्दप्रशमन गण/ANGAMARDAPRASHAMANA GROUP OF CHARAKA

विदारिगन्ध पृश्निपर्णी बृहती कण्टकारिकैरण्ड काकोली चन्दनोशीरेला मधुकानीति दशेमान्यङ्गमर्दप्रशमनानि भवन्ति । (च. सू. 4th chapter)
SANSKRIT NAME
1. ऐन्द्रि
2. कपिकच्छु
3. शतावरी
4. ऋष्यप्रोक्त/माषपर्णी
5. क्षीरविदारी
6. अश्वगन्ध
7. शालपर्णी
8. रोहिणी
9. बल
10. अतिबल
BOTANICAL NAME
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennel.
Mucuna pruriens Linn.
Asparagus racemosus Willd
Teramnus labialis (L.f.) Spreng.
Ipomoea digitata Linn
Withania somnifera (L) Dunal
Desmodium gangeticum (L) DC
Terminalia chebula Retz
Sida cordifolia L
Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet
PART USED
Whole plant
Seeds
Root
Root or Whole plant
Root tuber
Root
Root
Fruit
Root
Root
।। सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु माकश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।।

RESEARCH PAPERS ON THE PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTION

Sl. No.

1.

2.

TITLE OF THE PAPER

A review on Balya action mentioned in Ayurveda

Balya Mahakashaya As a Strength Promoter

PUBLISHING JOURNAL

Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine

International Ayurvedic Medical Journal

CITATION

Mahesh TS, Shreevidya M. A review on balya action mentioned in Ayurveda. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2014;5(2):80-84. doi:10.4103/0975-9476.133796

Sapna Chaudhary Et Al: Balya Mahakashaya As A Strength Promoter International Ayurvedic medical Journal IAMJ: Volume 5; Issue 1; January- 2017

।। ॐ शान्ति शान्ति शान्तिः ।।

ANIMATED VIDEO OF THE ACTION

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